The echo from the crisis drama, though, is a reminder that powerful countries regularly spy entirely on one another, which generally turns into a problem when them goes public or leads to misunderstanding or tragedy.
In 1983, a Soviet warplane shot down Korean Air Adornment Flight 007 after it veered into Russian airspace by night, stopping 269 passengers and crew members, including an American congressman. Moscow said the plane had been mistaken for a spy airplane. In 2001, a Chinese fighter plane got in the process close a good American EP-3E Aries II reconnaissance aeroplane gathering intelligence over the South China Sea, forcing it that would make an emergency landing at a Chinese base.
“The United States and its allies sent espionage balloons on top of the Soviet Union back to the late 1940s, ” said Jordan Beschloss, author of “Mayday: Eisenhower, Khrushchev, and the U-2 Palaver, ” published in 1986. “They did this to detect any unfounded danger of an imminent Soviet surprise attack and to decide on the size of the Soviet military complex so that Truman and Eisenhower could gauge how much they needed to commit to defense. ”
Eisenhower, he added, “believed that these kinds of intelligence-gathering served the peace by averting an unnecessary arms compete that could lead to war. ” Starting in 1956, Eisenhower authorized the C. I. A. to secretly send U-2 jets over Soviet territory, gambling that their altitude of 70, thousand feet would keep them undetected. At the same time, Eisenhower understood that the flights could be seen as an doing of war and insisted on personally approving each one.
In fact, the flights were being detected. Khrushchev assumed about them and was furious at the intrusions into Soviet airspace, but he made no public protest because he engaged in not want to reveal his military’s inability to curtail them as far as a more sophisticated missile was developed.
As a new Paris meeting approached in 1960, Eisenhower wanted to avoid every chance of disrupting the gathering and ordered U-2 flights ceased well in advance. But after bad weather postponed a devoir before the meeting, Richard Bissell, the father at the C. My partner. A. program, persuaded the president to authorize one more flight entirely on May 1, barely two weeks before the meeting scheduled for use with May 16.
“Even in the less conspiracy-minded become old of 1960, some Americans wondered whether warlike figures in particularly Pentagon had deliberately sent the flight to destroy the peak, ” Mr. Beschloss said. “Such questions will now be enquired of of the Chinese military. ”