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Live blog: Day 6 of Derek Chauvin’s trial

Minneapolis police chief says Chauvin’s actions ‘in no way, shape or form’ consistent with department policy

Minneapolis Police Chief Medaria Arradondo testified Monday that Derek Chauvin’s actions during the restraint of George Floyd were “in no way, shape or form” consistent with department policy, training or ethics.

Arradondo said Chauvin violated department policy when he held Floyd down with his knee on Floyd’s neck about nine minutes. The police chief said once Floyd had stopped resisting and was in distress, Chauvin’s restraint of Floyd should have stopped.

“Clearly, when Mr. Floyd was no longer responsive and even motionless, to continue to apply that level of force to a person proned out, handcuffed behind their back — that in no way, shape or form is anything that is by policy, is not part of our training, and it is certainly not part of our ethics or our values,” he said Monday afternoon.

“That action is not deescalation. And when we talk about the framework, about our sanctity of life and when we talk about the principles and values that we have, that action goes contrary to what we’re taught,” he also said during his testimony. 

Arradondo also said he did not see Chauvin or others attempt to provide first aid to Floyd, also in violation of department policy.

April 5, 202105:22

Minneapolis police chief says officers must provide necessary first aid while awaiting EMS

Minneapolis Police Chief Medaria Arradondo testified Monday that while waiting for Emergency Medical Services, officers are required to provide an emergency medical response consistent with their training.

Arradondo said Monday afternoon that department policy states Minneapolis police officers awaiting EMS officers must provide any necessary first aid consistent with their training “as soon as practical” with someone having a medical crisis.

The police chief has previously called George Floyd’s death a “murder.”

Minneapolis police chief: Policing is about ‘treating people with dignity and respect’

April 5, 202102:27

Legal analyst: Minneapolis police chief is ‘giving a master class on what smart police leadership looks like’

Joyce Vance, a legal analyst for NBC and MSNBC, said Monday that the testimony of Minneapolis Police Chief Medaria Arradondo is “giving a master class on what smart police leadership looks like.” 

Arradondo is the city’s first Black police chief. He joined the force in 1989. He has said George Floyd’s death was a murder.

“Mr. George Floyd’s tragic death was not due to a lack of training — the training was there,” Arradondo said in June. “The officers knew what was happening — one intentionally caused it and the others failed to prevent it.” 

A day after Floyd’s death, Arradondo fired Chauvin and the three other officers who were at the scene.

Defense suggests Floyd’s drug use could have led to cardiac arrest

Derek Chauvin’s defense raised the claim that Floyd’s drug use could have led to the oxygen deficiency the doctor who pronounced him dead believed was a likely cause of his cardiac arrest.

Dr. Bradford Langenfeld testified earlier he believed oxygen deficiency, or “asphyxia,” was “more likely” than other possibilities to be the cause of Floyd’s cardiac arrest based on what he knew at the time.

During cross-examination, Chauvin’s attorney, Eric Nelson, asked whether certain drugs, including fentanyl, could cause hypoxia, or the oxygen deficiency. Langenfeld agreed it could. The defense has said it would argue Floyd’s drug use, which included fentanyl found in his system, and health conditions such as heart disease were the cause of his death.

Nelson asked about the high level of carbon dioxide in Floyd’s body and whether fentanyl could lead to high carbon dioxide levels, which Langenfeld said it could. 

During a follow-up with the prosecution, Langenfeld said the levels of blood gas he obtained could be consistent with “any number of causes” and he felt the high C02 levels may have suggested a “respiratory cause.” 

“Because the person’s heart has stopped from whatever cause, they’ll no longer be breathing either and so you would expect that their C02 to be high,” he said. “In my estimation the blood gas in this case wasn’t very strong evidence for one cause over another.”

April 5, 202102:11

Visitor chair for guest of Derek Chauvin removed over lack of use

A visitor chair that was designated for a guest of Derek Chauvin during his murder trial has been removed from the courtroom because no one has used it. It will be returned if needed.

Last month, Hennepin County Judge Peter Cahill said in a ruling that only one member of George Floyd’s family at a time will be allowed to attend the trial and that the ruling also applies to Chauvin’s family.

Attendance is limited because of the coronavirus. 

Minneapolis Police Chief Medaria Arradondo takes stand

Minneapolis Police Chief Medaria Arradondo, who said George Floyd’s death was a “murder,” has taken the stand.

During his opening statement last week, prosecutor Jerry Blackwell said Arradondo would testify Chauvin’s “conduct was not consistent” with the police department’s training and policies. 

“He will not mince any words,” Blackwell told the jury. “He is very clear. He’d be very decisive that this was excessive force.” 

Arradondo, the city’s first Black police chief, fired Chauvin and the three other officers involved in Floyd’s arrest on May 26 — a day after Floyd’s death. In June, Arradondo said “Chauvin knew what he was doing.” 

“Mr. George Floyd’s tragic death was not due to a lack of training — the training was there,” Arradondo said in June. “This was murder — it wasn’t a lack of training. This is why I took swift action regarding the involved officers’ employment with MPD.”

Chauvin is charged with second- and third-degree murder and second-degree manslaughter.

Doctor who pronounced Floyd dead says he believed asphyxia was ‘likely’ cause of cardiac arrest

April 5, 202102:04

The physician who pronounced George Floyd dead told prosecutors that he believed oxygen deficiency, or “asphyxia,” was “more likely” the cause of Floyd’s cardiac arrest than other possibilities based on what he knew at the time.

Dr. Bradford Langenfeld testified Floyd was in his care in the emergency department for approximately 30 minutes, after which the doctor pronounced him dead. Langenfeld said as he worked on Floyd he considered other possibilities for the reason behind Floyd’s cardiac arrest.

He said based on the information he had at the time, he felt oxygen deficiency “was more likely than the other possibilities.”

Floyd had “absolutely no cardiac activity” and had been in cardiac arrest for 60 minutes when Langenfeld determined they would not be able to resuscitate him and pronounced him dead.

The medical examiner in the case has listed Floyd’s cause of death as cardiopulmonary arrest “complicating law enforcement subdual, restraint and neck compression” and that the manner of death was ruled a homicide.

ER doctor who treated George Floyd: ‘Any amount of time’ a patient spends in cardiac arrest without CPR decreases chance of a good outcome

Dr. Bradford Wankhede Langenfeld, the emergency room doctor at the Hennepin County Medical Center who tried to save George Floyd’s life before he pronounced him dead, testified Monday that Floyd was in cardiac arrest when he arrived at the hospital.

“It’s well known that any amount of time that a patient spends in cardiac arrest without immediate CPR markedly decreases the chance of a good outcome,” Langelfeld told prosecutor Jerry Blackwell, adding that there is an approximately 10 to 15 percent decrease in survival for every minute that CPR is not administered. 

Langenfeld also testified that he got a text message identifying the incoming patient as 30 years old. Floyd was 46. Paramedics told Langenfeld they tried to resuscitate Floyd for approximately 30 minutes before they arrived at the hospital, he said.

Doctor who pronounced George Floyd dead takes stand

Day six of witness testimony in Derek Chauvin’s murder trial began Monday with the prosecution calling to the stand the physician who pronounced George Floyd dead.

Dr. Bradford Langenfeld provided the majority of direct patient care to Floyd as medical personnel worked to resuscitate him after he was taken to the Hennepin County Medical Center on May 25, 2020. 

Here’s what was revealed in the first week of the Derek Chauvin trial

The first week of the trial of the former Minneapolis police officer charged with murder in George Floyd’s death concluded Friday with the longest-serving member of the police department testifying that it was “totally unnecessary” for Derek Chauvin to kneel on Floyd’s neck for more than nine minutes as he lay handcuffed on his stomach.

Mary Moriarty, the former chief public defender of Hennepin County, where Chauvin is being tried on charges of second- and third-degree murder and second-degree manslaughter, said “the prosecution had an exceptional week” and that the defense’s goal “should have been to avoid any self-inflicted damage” — a challenge she said the defense did not meet. 

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